Selected Data on the Occasion of Jerusalem Day 2012
Based on a report by the Central Bureau of Statistics
Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, is the largest city in the country – the largest in area (about 48.4 sq. miles) and the largest in population. In 1948 the population of Jerusalem was 82,900. By the end of 2011, Jerusalem had 801,000 residents, more than 10% of the total population of the state. According to the Ministry of the Interior, out of the total population in the city, 497,000 were Jewish (62%), 281,000 were Muslim (35%) and 14,000 were Christian (2%), with 9,000 residents not affiliated with any religion (1%).
Sources of population growth
- In 2011 the population of Jerusalem grew by 14,500 residents. This growth stemmed mainly from the high natural increase (number of births minus number of deaths), which added about 19,000 people to the city’s population. Another 3,000 approximately were added as a result of international emigration – new immigrants, immigrant citizens, family unification and emigration balance of Israelis (leaving and returning of Israelis who resided abroad for more than a year).
- The internal emigration balance in Jerusalem continued to be negative, reducing growth by about 7,500 people. In 2011 the situation in Jerusalem was similar to that of other big cities in Israel such as Tel Aviv-Yafo, Rishon Lezion, and Ashdod, where the main source of growth is natural increase and the internal emigration balance is negative.
Households and families
- Jerusalem has about 192,000 households, about 9% of all households in the country. The average household in Jerusalem numbers four persons (compared to the national average of 3.4), more than the average in the other big cities: Ashdod (3.3), Rishon Lezion and Petah Tikva (3.1), Haifa (2.5) and Tel Aviv (2.2).
Students in Jerusalem
- In the academic year 2010/11, 36.5 thousand students studied in all of the institutions of higher learning in Jerusalem: 20,400 at Hebrew University, 10,800 at seven academic colleges, and 5,300 at five teachers’ colleges.
- The students studying in Jerusalem in 2010/11 constituted 14.5% of the total number of students in the country (not including those studying at the Open University).
Level of satisfaction
- 55 % of Jerusalem residents are very satisfied with their lives (50% of the Jews and 62% of the non-Jews), compared to 36% of residents in the rest of Israel.
- Residents of Jerusalem are more optimistic than other Israelis – more of them think their lives will improve in the future (56% compared to 52%, respectively).
- 63% of Jerusalem residents are satisfied or very satisfied with their economic situation, compared to 59% of the rest of the population.
- 41% of Jerusalem residents are very satisfied with their relations with their neighbors, compared to 32% in the rest of the country