maandag 2 april 2012

De onwaarschijnlijke balagan die Hebron heet

IDF houdt kolonist tegen
Hebron is net als een Jeruzalem een moeizame stad. De Oslo akkoorden van 1997 deelt de stad tussen Palestijnen en Israëliërs. Iedereen die denkt dat Hebron 100% Palestijns is, denk dus nog een keer, want de gedachte is fout:
"This agreement, signed on 15 January 1997, divided the city of Hebron into two parts: H1 and H2. Israel retained full security control over the Israeli settlement enclaves in downtown Hebron (H2), over another settlement (Kiryat Arba) just outside the city, and, in order to facilitate movement by the settlers and the IDF, over the surrounding area. The agreement gave the PA security responsibility for the rest of Hebron (H1), although this responsibility remained closely monitored by Israeli authorities."
Hebron is belangrijk voor Joden en moslims omdat de aartsvaders Avraham, Yaakov, Yitzchak en hun vrouwen hier begraven liggen. Binnen het judaïsme is dit de tweede belangrijke heilige plaats (de eerste is de Kotel).

Hebron kent een geschiedenis van geweld in de recente geschiedenis. In 1929 werden er tijdens een Arabische opstand 67 Joden vermoord.


In 1929, the Jewish Sephardic/Mizrachi community had been living in Hebron continuously for over 800 years under various imperial powers, and the Jewish Ashkenazi community had roots there that went back at least a century.
In 1994 was er Baruch Goldstein die het vuur opende op biddende moslims, 29 doden en 125 gewonden later wisten de overlevenden Goldstein te overmeesteren en te doden.

Tijdens de twee intifada's was het ook geen pretjes in Hebron:

The Jewish community has been subject to attacks by Palestinian militants, especially during the periods of the Intifadas; which saw 3 fatal stabbings and 9 fatal shootings in between the first and second Intifada (0.9% of all fatalities in Israel and the West Bank) and 17 fatal shootings (9 soldiers and 8 settlers) and 2 fatalities from a bombing during the second Intifada, and thousands of rounds fired on it from the hills above the Abu-Sneina and Harat al-Sheikh neighbourhoods. 12 Israeli soldiers were killed (Hebron Brigade commander Colonel Dror Weinberg and two other officers, 6 soldiers and 3 members of the security unit of Kiryat Arba) in an ambush. Two Temporary International Presence in Hebron observers were killed by Palestinian gunmen in a shooting attack on the road to Hebron.

De situatie complex noemen is een understatement. Het Israëlische woord balagan dekt de lading beter voor Hebron en de situatie in Hebron zoals her volgende voorbeeld u zult laten zien:
The IDF has issued an eviction order for settlers who took over a house in the Arab part of Hebron last week. According to the order, the settlers have until Tuesday at 3:00 PM to evacuate the house on their own will, after which "the authorities will act to restore the building to its previous state."
Kolonistenkrakers zult u denken, weg ermee. Niet helemaal, leest u verder en verbaast u:
The settlers said they purchased the property legally. Their representatives showed records of the deal on Sunday, including money transfers, to Military Advocate General staff.

A key figure in the land purchase is Assaf Nehmad, a former Shin Bet security service man, who speaks Arabic and helps settlers purchase land from Arab owners who may be unwilling to sell to someone they know is Jewish.

According to material presented Sunday to the Military Advocate General's staff, the house was registered to two Palestinians, one is a Palestinian man by the name of Hosni al-Tamimi. Tamimi sold it to a front man for the settlers, Mohammed Abu-Shahala, who sold it to Nehmad.

Sources in Hebron said that Abu-Shahala, who is originally from Gaza, was an officer in the Palestinian Authority security forces, which is how he got to the West Bank.

The exact price paid for the house is unknown, but is believed to be hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Een Palestijn die liever niet aan Joden verkoopt (in verband met de straf die daarop staat opgelegd door de Palestijnse Autoriteit) verkoopt echter aan een voormalige veiligheidsofficier van de Palestijnse Autoriteit die het verkoopt aan voormalige Shin Bet medewerker die het verkoopt aan kolonisten.

Balagan!