Tal-wet die de ultraorthodoxie een vluchtluik bood onder actieve dienst uit te komen.
Although yeshiva students were not technically exempt from military service, their enlistment was annually postponed until they received an age or parental exemption. This situation, while in practice from the early days of Israel, was viewed by many as undemocratic, unjust and unequal. Unlike other exemptions from military service given to some groups in Israel (Bedouin, Arabs, and others), it was based on a ministerial order and not specified in the law. In 1974 only 2.4% of the soldiers enlisting to the army that year were exempt because they were yeshiva members, under the Torato Omanuto arrangement. This number has reached 9.2% in 1999. It is anticipated that this percentile will reach up to 15% by the year 2012
Aan deze uitzonderingspositie is een einde gekomen. Het Israëlische hooggerechtshof heeft bepaald dat de Tal-wet ongrondwettig, want strijdig met het recht op gelijkheid is. De wet is per augustus nietig verklaard. In theorie zouden er 62.000 ultraorthodoxe joodse jongeren kunnen worden opgeroepen.
Benny Gantz, opperbevelhebber van het Israëlische leger, is blij met de uitspraak van het hooggerechtshof:
"The challenges in the Middle East have changed, but what cannot change is our commitment to ourselves and our work," Lt. Gen. Gantz said. "Every generation has its turn and we have to take ours."
"Military service is essential to the State of Israel and there is no possible alternative," Lt. Gen. Gantz noted.
"Part of our national values is that a person should give back to the society in which he or she lives," Lt. Gen. Gantz continued.
"In the army, there is a place for everyone to serve," Lt. Gen. Gantz said, referring to women and the ultra-Orthodox.